Stock Market terms Download

A share is one of a finite number of equal portions in the capital of a company, entitling the owner to a proportion of distributed, non-reinvested profits known as dividends, and to a portion of the value of the company in case of liquidation

A joint stock company (JSC) is a type of business entity: it is a type of corporation or partnership. Certificates of ownership or stocks are issued by the company in return for each contribution, and the shareholders are free to transfer their ownership interest at any time by selling their stockholding to others.

Brokers are individuals who bring together buyers and sellers of investments. They need a license to operate. They act on behalf of buyers and sellers of stock. They charge a commission on trades that they execute on such instructions from buyers and sellers.

Maturity date is a finance term referring to the date when a principal amount of a bond or other debt instrument becomes due or payable.

Earnings per share (EPS) are the earnings returned on the initial investment amount.

A mutual fund is a professionally-managed firm of collective investments that collects money from many investors and puts it in stocks, bonds, short-term money market instruments, and/or other securities.

Market capitalization is a measurement of corporate or economic size equal to the share price times the number of shares outstanding of a public company.

In accounting , book value or carrying value is the value of an asset or liability according to its balance sheet account balance.

A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or company (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a joint stock company.

A stock exchange share market or bourse is a corporation or mutual organization which provides facilities for stock brokers and traders, to trade company stocks and other securities.

A bull market tends to be associated with increasing investor confidence, motivating investors to buy in anticipation of further capital gains

A capital gains tax (abbreviated: CGT) is a tax charged on capital gains, the profit realized on the sale of a non-inventory asset that was purchased at a lower price

Dividends are payments made by a corporation to its shareholder members. When a corporation earns a profit or surplus, that money can be put to two uses: it can either be re-invested in the business (called retained earnings), or it can be paid to the shareholders as a dividend.

Maturity refers to the final payment date of a loan or other financial instrument, at which point all remaining interest and principal is due to be paid.

Insider trading is the trading of a corporation's stock by individuals with potential access to non-public information about the company.

Capital gain is profit that results from the sale or exchange of a capital asset with proceeds of sale exceeding purchase price. A capital loss arises if the sale proceeds of a capital asset are less than the purchase price.